Begin your day with a cup of excellent coffee from the French press. Making French press coffee is surprisingly easy. While this may look like a complicated process, it’s really quite simple.
I'm sure that many of you may not know how to use a French Press. Well, you're in luck because this article will tell you everything from the basic steps of the process to the reasoning behind it.
In this Article
What is a French Press?
To start, the French Press is a device used for brewing coffee. It is simply a glass beaker protruding out of a long handle. The plunger that acts as the lid also helps filter out the grounds. Not only is this easy to use, but it’s also very easy to clean.
Now, let’s move on to the most important part of your morning coffee. That’s the beans!
The Beans: For the perfect French press, you'll want coarsely-ground Arabica beans. If you're not sure how to tell if they're coarse enough, simply pinch them between your fingers.
If you can rub them through to the other side, they’re perfect for your French press. The lower the roast number of the bean is, the more bitter it will be. Therefore, it’s a good idea to choose a medium roast for the best taste.
How Does A French Press Work?
The French Press steeps coffee grounds and hot water in a beaker. After you are done steeping Pour the liquid into a glass while pressing the metal filter at the bottom of the beaker to remove any remaining grounds from your drink.
The metal mesh filter in the coffee pot allows oils and fine particles to pass through it. This gives the coffee a “thick body.”
This process of gradually boiling water and coffee which includes slowly lowering the heat and stirring in between is called Brewing.
Immersion brewing is a simpler way to make coffee. You just put some ground coffee in the bottom of the pot, mix it with water. You’re at risk for over-extraction if you grind the coffee too finely or leave it too steep for too long.
The French press is divided into two main parts:
- The lid, plunger, and filter
- The beaker, base, and handle
The lid, plunger, and filter
French press filters coffee beans to make a stronger, more flavorful brew. The metal mesh filter is placed in the bottom of the coffee pot over the coffee grounds and grinder.
The lid holds it in place. This helps prevent spills and messes while not allowing any fine particles to get into your cup.
The plunger also functions as a brewing stopper. It’s a weighted lid that sits on top of your coffee grounds, covering them with water to brew a strong cup of coffee.
The weight of the lid causes it to close, holding your grounds in place while keeping them out of sight.
The beaker, base, and handle
The beaker is made of a glass or ceramic cylinder that’s used to add coffee grounds and water together. The long handle makes it easy to hold without sloshing the coffee around, and the glassworks as a thermal barrier.
Heat goes through the beaker, heating the water, and then up through your cup, making it a portable way to make coffee.
To ensure you brew excellent coffee every time, you need to understand how to take apart and clean your french press.
A monthly inspection should be done, as it is very helpful. It is more than just a rinse-out process.
Before We Begin: Choose The Right French Press
It will be hard to make excellent coffee if you only use a low-cost, low-quality french press. You might think it’s a good idea to go for the cheapest option, but it won’t really be worth it when you have to replace it in 6-9 months.
A "cup" is smaller than a typical mug of coffee, and the standard press pot size is between 4 and 8 cups. Just remember, a “cup” is much smaller.
Generally, you have a list of four types of options: Small, Large, Metal, and Electric
- Small french press – If you’re the only one using your coffee press and it’s somewhere between 3-4 cups, this is a good option.
- Large french press – If you have a bigger family or you’re drinking coffee for many different people, then this is the best option for you.
- Metal french press – It’s made with a thick metal casing that helps insulate the heat and keep your press warm. This type of french press offers different types of filters including gold and platinum.
- Metal French press – It is bigger, well-insulated, and durable. You can go for this if you live in a clod area.
- Electric / Boil + Brew French Press – It has automated features that allow the coffee to be ready when you are. This won’t affect your coffee taste, but it will save you time and effort.
What You’ll Need To Make French Press Coffee?
There are many things that you need to make a French press coffee. That’s why we will break it down in this guide to make your life easier and more efficient.
1. Coffee Grinder
A coffee grinder is an important tool for making a French press. This will help make sure that your beans are ground to the proper consistency, to ensure that they brew evenly.
As a general rule, the closer you grind your beans to the time of brewing, the more flavorful and aromatic your coffee will be.
2. Coffee Beans
The type of coffee beans can dramatically change the flavor of your French press brew. In general, use coffee that has been roasted at least four weeks before you are going to brew with it to prevent the coffee from tasting bitter and sour.
Try a variety of different flavors, however; you may find your favorite happens to be the one brewed in a French press.
The best-tasting coffee in the world came from the best-tasting water! Use high-quality water and you'll get a better flavor. Mineral-rich, hard water will produce the best cup of coffee than the soft waters.
4. The French Press
Despite its name, the French press is not exclusive to France. The French press is used to brew coffee and tea. With this coffee brewing system, you can brew up to 34 ounces of hot or cold beverage.
The filters that you will need are a strainer, a fine mesh filter, a metal mesh filter, and a cone filter. Each mesh type interacts with the beans differently, producing different flavors of coffee when brewed in the French Press. Experiment with each of these to find your favorite one to use.
6. Coffee Measure
This is the most important part of making your coffee in a French press. Once you have ground your beans, you need to measure them into the cup in order to have just the right quantity for one cup of coffee.
Too much coffee will give you an overly strong, bitter drink, while too little will give you a very weak and sour brew.
7. Coffee Spoon
After you’ve measured out your coffee, you’re almost done! The last thing to do is stir the coffee in a circular motion. This will produce more of a “bullet-time” hit than a nice slow swirl. Also, stirring the beans will cause them to release their essential oils, which make the brew richer and mellower.
French Press Coffee To Water Ratio
There’s no one-size-fits-all ratio. The amount of water you use in your coffee will depend on the type of bean you’re using and the personal taste.
For example, if you like stronger, bolder coffee then add more water. However, if you want to achieve a milder-tasting drink then you'll need less.
Most experts recommend that you add 4 oz of water per 1/2 cup of coffee beans, but we suggest you experiment with your brew and make adjustments until you get the mix that works for you.
Grind your beans just before brewing so they have time to release their oils as well. If your coffee is still too strong, try adding more coffee or adjusting the amount of water used next time around.
The Secret to a Great French-Press Coffee
If you want to optimize your brewing process and get the best possible coffee out of your French press, then you need to make sure you’re doing everything right.
Here are the top 6 tips that will help you create a great brew every time.
- Put water in the French press before you put in the coffee. After the coffee cools down, it will make a huge difference in the flavor of your drink.
- Put two cups of water into your French press for each cup of coffee. Since not everyone needs the same amount of coffee, this will ensure that each coffee pot is going to have enough liquid to brew just right.
- Use enough beans for all your cups (unless you’re brewing a stronger or weaker brew). If you’re trying to make a lower-grade coffee, then you’ll need fewer beans and more water. If you’re trying to make a stronger brew, then use more coffee and fewer beans. This is true if your water is too hot or too cold as well; you’ll need enough liquid to cover the grounds, which will produce the best results for your French press.
- Stir in a circular motion with your spoon to release the oils and aromas that were trapped in the grounds. Making sure your grinds are at just the right size will help them release these flavors and aromas.
- When your pour coffee into the French press, put it in as slowly as you can without spilling any of the coffee. Once it hits the bottom of the cup, give it a quick stir to ensure all of the coffee is evenly distributed. To ensure that you get maximum flavor and aroma, try sipping from each end of the French press before pouring any more coffee. You’ll be amazed at how much better your coffee tastes.
- Rinse the metal mesh filter with hot water and let it sit for about a minute. This will keep your coffee tasting fresh and not bitter as the metal mesh is working to remove some of the oils from the beans.
How To Make French press Coffee?
It is very simple to make perfect french press coffee. You need to follow these steps and in a few minutes, you will have a cup of delicious coffee.
Step By Step French Press Instructions:
Step 1: Preheat Your Press
This is the most important thing to do. Preheating your press will help keep your coffee warm, and it will also help to flavor it.
Step 2: Grind Your Beans
If you are going into the French press with ground beans, be sure to grind them immediately before brewing.
This makes sure that the consistency of your beans is just right for brewing in the French press. The finer you grind your beans, the more flavorful they will be (especially when made in a French press).
Step 3: Measure Your Water
The water will determine the strength of your brew, so be sure to get your measuring cup just right; too hot and it will scorch your coffee, too cold and the coffee won't brew properly. It should be between 200-205 degrees F.
Step 4: Insert Your Filter
There are a couple of ways to use a filter when making French press coffee in the press. The cone filter has a handle that is used to let the coffee through (its holes are round) and the mesh filter has a handle that is used to push all of the coffee through (the holes are square).
However, if you are using a metal mesh, the lid should be on top of your cup and the metal mesh should be placed underneath your cup. If you do this, make sure that you do not use soap in your press because it will damage it.
Step 5: Pour Your Water and Coffee Beans
Pour your water slowly, letting it come directly down to the bottom of the mesh filter (or metal mesh) and then back up to the top of your cup.
Then put the coffee beans in your press. You can put some coffee beans on top and some underneath, but don't do too many or they will become wet and you'll get a mess.
Step 6: Close the Press
Close the press and let it close completely. Some presses have a little hole in the bottom of them, but if you don't have one, be sure to use a lid that fits around the top (such as a silicon lid or a ceramic lid) so that your coffee will not get any water on it.
Step 7: Brew Your Coffee!
When you are ready to make your French press coffee, take your handle and gently push down on top of your cup and lift up slightly.
This will open the top of your press. Then, pour in the coffee and let it brew for 2 or 3 minutes. If you see bubbles coming through, then you have brewed it long enough. Pour your coffee into a mug and enjoy!
With this classic French Press, you don’t have to worry about waiting for boiling water like with regular methods because the device does all the hard work, thanks to powerful resistance coils and a vacuum seal.
You'll never need filters or paper cups again! Simply scoop up your grounds, pour hot water in through the bottom tube, stir it well with your special little stick (that comes with each French press), and enjoy a fragrant cup of coffee.
So now you know how to use a French press! I hope you all enjoyed reading this article as much as we did writing it.
Truly, the French press is one of the most versatile pieces of brewing equipment you can have in your kitchen. I'd love to hear what you all think about it, so make sure to leave a comment below!