All About Turkish Coffee

Turkish Coffee

I am sure you have heard about Turkish coffee before and what it consists of. If you haven’t yet, it is a perfect time to read this article and find out what it is! Turkish coffee contains dark roasted ground beans, water, and sugar. 

The coffee is boiled together in the pot until the foam on top rises to the top. When it does rise to the top, some may say “İşte kahvem” or “look at my coffee.” It is an exceptional experience that few people get to do, and even fewer do it right.

So, in this article, I want to shed light on the brewing process, its history and how it is made! I will talk about everything from the ingredients, pot, and preparation to the brewing process and drinking Turkish coffee! Let’s get started!

What is Turkish Coffee?

Turkish coffee, as the name suggests, was first brewed in Turkey. The brewing method has been described as unique and fun to do.

What is special about Turkish coffee?

There are very few ingredients that go into these drinks, and you can brew them at home or order them from a café near you. You roast the beans with sugar which helps give it an extra sweetness that most people love. 

Turkish coffee gets its rich and entire body from a grind and brewing technique. First, the beans are ground to a fine powder. Then, the powdered coffee is added to boiling water in an ibrik or cezve pot. 

The brewing process begins by adding approximately three tablespoons of the powder and carefully pouring water over it.

It is also important not to stir it once it has been added, as this would disturb the particles of bloomed grounds at the bottom of the pot. Instead, the powder sits undisturbed in the water.

It is not unusual to find a deposit of grounds at the bottom of the pot referred to as "mud" (cıkırma in Turkish). 

A well-brewed cup of Turkish coffee will have substantial mud left. If this mud is stirred back into the coffee, the cup will be solid and bitter, some people prefer.


Ozdemir Pasha, the Turkish Governor of Yemen, was the first to bring Turkish Coffee into Turkey. He was the one who discovered it in his region and brought it to the attention of Suleiman the Magnificent – Sultan. After coffee beans were introduced to Turkey, a new way of producing the “black drink” was created. 

The Sultan's palace attendants pounded roasted beans and boiled them with water in an earthenware pot discovered nearby the first time it was produced in Turkey. This pot is still called "cezve" today. 

In the Palace,  a new coffee brew arose. It became trendy among palace residents and was quickly discovered by Ottoman nobles for the first time!

This delightful drink would later be consumed throughout Turkey’s empire, with many people being aware of it in a short period. Turkish coffee quickly became a lucrative business. 

After being presented to the Ottoman court and other high elite ruling bodies, the Turkish people fell in love. They began to open cafes to provide this novel drink alongside delicacies such as pastries or baklava!

The palace and other high-level governing entities hired specialist artisans known as “kahveci usta” to manufacture ceremonial cups.

Turkish coffee was a particularly valued product during this period. The brews were typically given as gifts on special occasions or prepared for high-class guests. It was when the brewing method began to take form.

What is unique about Turkish coffee?

Turkish coffee is a unique drink; the taste, appearance and brewing method make Turkish coffee different. But what is unique about it? Turkish coffee is an unusual drink, and every sip is a fantastic experience! So let’s see the special features of this drink.

What is so special about Turkish coffee?

It May Enhance Athletic Performance

Part of the reason Turkish coffee is so prevalent in the Middle East is to improve athletic performance. Research suggests that the caffeine content in Turkish coffee might have a radical effect on your strength, endurance and mental function. You can try Turkish coffee to see if you feel any different or notice a spike in energy.

It contains valuable compounds

Turkish coffee has antioxidants and other compounds, which may improve your health. Antioxidants help protect against cell damage, cancer and coronary heart disease.

These substances also may reduce your risk of developing Parkinson's, reduce your risk of developing Alzheimer's disease or reduce your risk of stroke. 

The other compounds might help protect against diabetes and high blood pressure.

May Protect Against Certain Diseases

Turkish coffee also contains certain naturally occurring chemicals. These compounds may help prevent many diseases such as Alzheimer’s, cancer, and other age-associated diseases. 

These compounds often called phytochemicals and phenolic compounds, are found in fruits and vegetables such as tomatoes, red grapes, onions and apples. As you might expect, more research is to be done about these findings.

Protects against depression

One of the most exciting things about Turkish coffee is that it contains choline, potent anti-depressant effects.

In addition, choline may help protect against depression because it is essential for other chemicals called neurotransmitters to function correctly in the brain.

What does Turkish coffee Taste like?

Turkish coffee is trendy in Turkey and has become a cultural icon. There are many different types of Turkish coffee in other regions of Turkey.

What is Turkish coffee similar to?

However, the most common is “Kahveler” or “Çay Köfte.” The taste varies among the parts and makes each one special.

There are several different tastes to choose from. Most Turkish coffee consumed in Turkey is a blend of Arabic Coffee and "Espresso." 

It is roasted very dark, sometimes nearly black. This mixture has a smoky taste with a hint of bitterness. It is not strong. 

The potion is usually brewed with a metallic vacuum kettle called a cezve, which is used in all the communities of Turkey, including those in the Aegean and Mediterranean.

However, the people of Konya have their taste, which they call "Kahvaltı." It is blended very dark roast, low body and a smokey flavour.

Turkish American Coffee is also a combination of Arabic Coffee and Espresso. It has a strong taste and bitterness that can be preferred by people who like strong coffee. These coffees are roasted fresh at most “Coffee Houses” in Turkey.

Best Roast for Turkish Coffee

The roast of the beans is one of the essential things influencing the flavour of your Turkish coffee. In Turkey, most of the coffee used in cezves is light or medium roasted.

Because the Turkish process thoroughly cooks the coffee beans, employing darker roasts can result in a considerably more bitter outcome. 

Start with a medium roast if you’re attempting for the first time, and if the product is too strong tasting, you can alter with lighter roasts until you reach the right balance.

Lighter roasts are a better choice if you desire to blend Turkish coffee with other more robust coffees, and medium-dark roasts are used for making Turkish coffee.

Grind size for Turkish coffee

Turkish coffee is not like the typical powdered product you can easily buy at your local grocery store. Instead, the beans used in Turkish coffee are generally roasted, then ground into a powder mixed with water. 

The coffee should be ground to a fine powder-like flour consistency or the consistency of powdered sugar.

It allows it to dissolve into the liquid, thickening it and making the grounds pleasant to drink as part of the brew.

You can grind it at home, and many Turkish coffee enthusiasts utilize specialized Turkish grinders to hand-grind their coffee to the desired fineness.

Most coffee shops have the necessary equipment to ground coffee for the Turkish pot. If you buy coffee, especially Turkish coffee, you can usually get it pre-ground, though you’ll want to use it immediately because finer grinds get stale faster than whole beans or coarse grinds.

How to make it?

Now that you know the history and the basics of Turkish coffee, it’s time to make some! There are two methods of making Turkish coffee. However, both ways utilize a unique pot called “cezve” in Turkey or “ibrik” in Arabic countries. 

Is Turkish coffee supposed to be bitter?
Though the brewing method is similar to that used for drip-style coffee, you'll use a much finer grind, and you'll typically have to stir the brew briskly throughout its preparation so that it doesn't burn on the bottom.

Lets us first collect the equipment :

You will need a cezve or ibrik or any other cezve that can work, but the small ones are more convenient to use.

You will also need approximately one tablespoon of finely ground coffee per serving. You can add as much sugar as you like, but sugar is typically added to taste. 

Finally, a big serving spoon is needed for mixing the coffee grounds and water. It helps prevent clumps from forming during the process and makes sure that all of the grounds get wet.

To choose a cezve, you must select a suitable material. They are made from a variety of materials. Each material’s thermal conductivity is unique. Silver, copper, gold, aluminium, platinum, and stainless steel are all available. 

Copper is a favourite among Turkish severe coffee lovers since it is excellent as silver but about ten times less expensive. Turkish coffee is also served in a demitasse and a saucer.


  • 10 grams of  finely ground Coffee
  • 100 ml water
  • Sugar
  • Optional: Spices like cardamom


  • In an ibrik, combine 10 grams of finely ground coffee and 100 ml of room temperature water.
  • Combine the coffee grounds and water in a mixing bowl.
  • Place your ibrik over a heat source. Ideally, one with a hot flame focused on it.
  • Wait until the coffee begins to rise. It will take 2.5 to 3.5 minutes.
  • When the level reaches the top of the ibrik and starts bubbling, remove from the heat and set aside for one minute.
  • Pour coffee into your cup slowly.
  • Allow the Coffee to cool for a few minutes before sipping it.

Turkish Coffee vs Espresso

Turkish coffee differs from a regular “Espresso” because it’s brewed in a cezve, whereas Espresso is brewed in an espresso machine. Turkish coffee is prepared from ground coffee beans and hot water. 

Espresso is prepared from roasted beans, steam, and water. Espresso has the advantage that you can grind your beans for use. 

On the other hand, Turkish coffee generally has more flavour than Espresso because of its brewed method.

Espresso also has more caffeine than Turkish coffee because more coffee beans are used in the process. Some claim that Turkish coffee has less caffeine than a standard espresso. The espresso flavour is said to be much more acidic and less aromatic.

Turkish Coffee vs Americano

Turkish Coffee and Americano are similar in taste but different in ingredients. Turkish coffee is brewed by mixing water and grounds, whereas the Americano is a mixture of Espresso and water. As a result, the Americano is much sweeter than Turkish coffee. 

Is Turkish coffee stronger than Americano?
In addition, Turkish coffee is made with low water pressure, while the Americano uses a high-pressure nozzle to push the water through the grounds. As a result, it makes the Turkish Coffee bitter because of the much stronger concentrated flavours.

Turkish coffee is made with a blend of Arabica beans. The Americano is made with Italian beans, which generally have a sweeter and smoother taste. The Arabica has a more earthy flavour, while Italian beans are more precious and fruitier.

Turkish Coffee vs Armenian

They make coffee in very similar methods, and the coffee tastes identical, but they are not identical. Turkish coffee is not Armenian since there are few differences in how they do things. The preparation process is similar, with slight variations due to the ingredients used.

One difference between them is the grind size. The ground coffee used in Turkish coffee is more refined than the Armenian style, so there are differences in how they taste when they come out of the cezve, depending on their grind size.

Turkish Coffee vs Egyptian Coffee

In Egypt, Coffee is made in the same way that Turkish coffee is: in a small cup with a layer of foam. This coating of foam indicates that the coffee was properly made. This foam is referred to as the “face,” and Egyptian coffee must have a face to be enjoyed.

Turkish Coffee vs Lebanese

Coffee is boiled once and drank without a face in Lebanon. Coffee is consumed in huge quantities here, as it is in many other locations.

Lebanon's most famous coffee shops are cultivated in Columbia, Kenya, Indonesia, Brazil, Ethiopia, Vietnam, and many more countries.

Turkish Coffee vs Kuwaiti

The Kuwaiti and the Turkish people do not drink their coffee with sugar but with cardamom. In addition, Kuwaitis prefer to drink their coffee from small glasses instead of from demitasse cups. As with most Arab countries, the most critical aspect of their coffee is its foam. 

Turkish Coffee vs Arabic Coffee

Arabic and Turkish Coffee are highly similar. Turkish coffee sometimes symbolizes all Arabic coffee, but the two types of coffee are highly distinct. Turkish coffee is considerably more delicate and often much darker roasted than Arabic Coffee. 

Arabic coffee is brewed for an extended period in a huge pot. Turkish coffee is brewed in a tiny pot for a few minutes. 

As a result, Turkish coffee is more potent, darker, and richer in flavour than Arabic Coffee. Arabic coffee is brewed in a briki, a long-handled copper pot. On the other hand, Turkish coffee is brewed in an ibrik, similar to a saucepan. 

Drinking Variations

Turkish coffee is enjoyable in many ways. You may add spices like cardamom or use sugar to sweeten. You may also use your desired amount of water. Let’s see the herbs you can add : 


Turkish coffee is served with cardamom, a great taste enhancer that helps cleanse the body of toxins. In Turkish coffee, cardamom is used with cinnamon to make a combination that is said to cleanse the body of toxins and restore good health. 

What is cardamom best used for?


Turkish coffee with cinnamon is said to help promote digestion and relieve gas. Cinnamon has a strong aroma and leaves a sweet aftertaste in the mouth. This coffee is delicious if you are looking for a cup of something warm and spicy.


Cloves are used in Turkish coffee for their distinctive flavour. It is a sweet spice but also has an aromatic quality. It is also said to have medicinal qualities that help relieve pain and inflammation. 


Turkish coffee with ginger is said to have a delicious taste that helps ease breathing problems and alleviate nausea.

What does ginger do to the body?
Ginger is a well-known spice used in many types of medicine. Its warming flavour aids digestion and relieves motion sickness. 


Nutmeg is used in Turkish coffee to promote digestion and warm the body. It was also used traditionally as a way to improve blood circulation. Although some debate its use, the flavour of nutmeg is delicious when used in a tiny amount in coffee. 


Turkish coffee with vanilla enhances its flavour by adding a festive sweetness and lightness while smokiness to its aromatic quality. In addition, vanilla is known for its medicinal properties, used to treat numerous diseases. 

There are some more variations you can try –

  • Dibek Turkish Coffee is one of the more well-known and popular types of Turkish coffee produced with stone-ground coffee, which gives it a lighter flavour and colour than the classic variety. If you dislike the strong taste of typical Turkish coffee, try Dibek Turkish coffee.
  • Menengic Turkish Coffee is one of the most distinctive coffees available. It’s even not made using coffee beans and instead manufactured from the beans of the Menengic tree (Pistacia terebinthus), also known as the terebinth tree and the turpentine tree. 
As a result, the coffee contains no caffeine and tastes fruitier than typical Turkish coffee. The method of manufacture, however, is identical.
  • While our first two options are for those who dislike the strong flavour of typical Turkish coffee, this variation is the polar opposite. Because the coffee beans are roasted twice, Mirra Turkish coffee is more robust and bitter than regular coffee. 

Furthermore, the coffee beans used to make Mirra are ground coarser than typical Turkish coffee.

  • Kervansaray has a variety of ingredients, including coffee, mastic gum, chocolate, locust beans, milk, and Menengic Coffee. It is thicker yet tastes lighter than typical Turkish coffee due to its many components.

Drinking Etiquette

If you want to drink your Turkish coffee properly, there are some things that you should know. Unlike other types of coffee, Turkish coffee is served especially. If you want to enjoy it properly, follow these steps:

  • Turkish coffee is always sipped after eating.
  • After drinking a cup of Coffee, Turkish sweets are served for you to enjoy.
  • Never glug coffee and prefer to sip it carefully because glugging coffee is frowned upon.
  • Always sip coffee through the top of the mouth to not burn your mouth.
  • Keep drinking coffee while it is hot, but do not leave it on the table for too long or allow it to cool down.

Troubleshooting Turkish Coffee

Some people find it challenging to make Turkish coffee at home. It is usually due to a few common mistakes made while brewing. Let’s look at the mistakes made and how to fix them!

The coffee is too bitter.

If your Turkish coffee is too bitter, the chances are that you have brewed it too long. As a result, you may have overcooked the coffee. 

  • First of all, try to brew the coffee for only 1 minute and see if it helps.
  • If this doesn’t work, you may have brewed the coffee with water that is too hot; let the Coffee cool down before drinking.
  • If this doesn’t work, you may have used too much coffee. 
  • Make sure your coffee beans are not dark roast
  • Another way to stop bitterness is by lowering the water temperature.

The coffee is too weak.

If your Turkish coffee is too weak, the chances are that you have not brewed it long enough. You may have undercooked the coffee. –

  • Try to brew the coffee for only 1 minute and see if it helps.
  • If this doesn’t work, you may have used too little coffee. Your coffee to water ratio is off. 
  • You may be using the wrong coffee beans. 
  • If this doesn’t work, your grind may be too coarse. The grind must be excellent for making Turkish coffee.
  • Make sure you are using fresh coffee beans. If your beans are old, the flavour should taste different.

The coffee is very gritty.

If your Turkish coffee is very gritty, the chances are that the coffee grind was too coarse.

  • Try to brew the coffee for about 2 minutes and see if it helps.
  • If this doesn’t work, your grind may be too fine. You can grind your coffee more coarsely and see if it stops the grittiness.
  • You may have used too much coffee to the water used.
  • Use filtered water instead of tap water.
  • You may be using old coffee beans. Try to invest in better quality beans, or buy fresher ones.

No foam forms when brewing.

It is a common mistake made by Turkish coffee beginners. If you have tried everything possible and your coffee still doesn’t have foam, the most likely problem is not giving it the time to bloom. 

  • The foam is created by giving the coffee a hot water bath. It releases carbon dioxide from the coffee; foam is created where this gas comes into contact with oxygen.
  • Increase the ratio of coffee to water.
  • The coffee beans may be stale. Try to invest in fresher ones.
  • Make sure the grind is acceptable and even. A consistent grind will help the coffee bloom, necessary for creating foam.
  • You may have overheated the water. The temperature has to be around 100 degrees so as not to burn the coffee grounds, but hot enough that it still has oxygen in it when it hits the coffee grounds.

What gives Turkish coffee its flavor?

The preparation of Turkish Coffee differs greatly depending on location. The essential ingredients are water and Turkish coffee beans, which are purchased at supermarkets or specialty stores. However, the flavor of Turkish coffee is attributed to a number of additional factors. For example, Syrians are known for using a teaspoon of cardamom powder in their coffee; this gives the coffee its distinct flavor.
The most important factor that contributes to the flavor of Turkish coffee is the fineness of grind. In fact, this is one of the things that separate excellent Turkish coffee from mediocre coffee.

Is Turkish coffee healthy?

The answer is: Yes. The use of traditional ingredients in Turkish coffee can be beneficial to your health. The caffeine in the beans can provide a boost of energy, and the antioxidants are antifungal, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties that help fight infection. Consuming moderate amounts of coffee helps maintain mental alertness.

What spice is added to Turkish coffee?

The spice is added to the coffee after it is brewed, which provides a nice contrast in flavor. Cardamom and cinnamon are the most commonly used spices in Turkish coffee. You can also use dried mint leaves or a paste made from sweet black beans. The spices are optional; some people enjoy Turkish coffee without any additional flavoring.

When should you drink Turkish coffee?

It is recommended to drink Turkish coffee in the morning because it is also known as an energizing drink. It may also be consumed at night or throughout the day. However, if you are sensitive to caffeine, it is best to avoid drinking it late in the day. It is not recommended for children or pregnant women due to its high caffeine content.

Is Turkish coffee stronger than espresso?

You may be wondering if Turkish coffee is considered stronger than espresso. There are some people who believe so. However, there is no definitive answer, and you have to try it for yourself to decide.
If you find that Turkish coffee is too strong for you, you can always dilute it by adding more cold water or milk and sweeten it with sugar.

What roast is best for Turkish coffee?

You may be surprised to hear that there is no consistent answer to this question. Turkish coffee is made with a wide variety of bean types, including different kinds of Arabica beans. The roast type of the coffee beans determines a lot about the flavor and strength of your Turkish coffee. If you like your coffee strong, try darker roasts than lighter roasts, but you have to experiment to find what works for you and what works for your Turkish coffee’s taste.

Can you add milk to Turkish coffee?

Again, you can experiment to see what works best for you. Adding sugar and milk to your traditional Turkish coffee will provide a different taste experience compared to drinking it plain. The advantage of adding milk is that it adds creaminess while also reducing the strength of the beverage, which may be a good option if you find that the coffee is too strong.

Does Turkish coffee help you lose weight?

If you add sugar and milk to your Turkish coffee, you will often find that it becomes low-calorie but rich in flavor. This is a great option for anyone who is watching their weight. Look out for sugar-free sweeteners as well if your goal is to keep the calorie count low.
Taking the time to perfect traditional Turkish coffee brewing basics will allow you to start enjoying all of the flavors that go into a cup of this prized brew.

How much caffeine is in a Turkish coffee?

A cup of Turkish coffee generally contains about 90 milligrams of caffeine. This is equivalent to about two cups of brewed coffee from Starbucks or Dunkin’ Donuts and about three cups of espresso. The stronger the coffee, the more caffeine it will contain.

Why is Turkish coffee served in small cups?

The Turkish coffee ceremony is a social gathering, so it is customary to serve the beverage in small demitasse cups. These cups have a handle, making them easier for guests to sip out of during the course of the meeting.

How long does Turkish coffee last?

Once brewed, Turkish coffee will keep for about three to five hours at room temperature. Refrigeration is also an option if you prefer to drink your coffee cold.

Do you Stir Turkish coffee?

Traditional Turkish coffee is not stirred. The grounds settle to the bottom of the cup, filtering out as the coffee brews. Stirring the beverage will make it bitter and splash grounds into your cup.


Is Turkish coffee like espresso?

Is Turkish Coffee acidic?

If this is your first time trying Turkish coffee, you might be wondering if it’s safe to drink. Well, to clear away any confusion, Turkish coffee is acidic. Turkish coffee is acidic has a lot to do with making it. 

What is the pH of Turkish coffee?

It has a ph level of 5, which is slightly below neutral. Because it has a little bit of acidity, it is considered healthy, so some people prefer Turkish coffee over regular or instant coffee.

Which Coffee beans to use while making Turkish coffee?

Good quality Arabica beans are the key ingredients. If you’re buying coffee beans, make sure you purchase high-quality ones. If you follow the recipes in this article, your coffee should turn out well.

What is the right way to consume Turkish coffee?

The best way to enjoy the taste of Turkish coffee is by drinking it little by little while eating Turkish sweets. If you drink too much of it at once, you will feel tired or dizzy.

Which is the best way to store Turkish coffee?

You should store your Turkish coffee in an airtight container. It is best to go for glass jars, which are sturdy and safe.

The pots have a lid so you can tightly seal them when not in use. You should keep your Turkish coffee in a cool place where it does not get too hot or cold.


Turkish coffee is a drink that has been around for centuries and is still prevalent. The ingredients used to make the coffee are available locally, so you should find these ingredients if you are not in Turkey.

You can even learn how to make Turkish coffee at home simply by reading this post! So, what do you think about Turkish coffee? 

Do you regularly enjoy it or drink it once in a while? If so, do you have any advice or tips on making a better Turkish coffee? Please share your thoughts and experience with us. We would love to hear from you!

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