Pour Over Coffee Guide

Complete Guide To Pour Over Coffee

Have you ever been standing in a long line at a coffee shop and heard someone order Pour-over coffee?
Perhaps you have ordered it, too? And You are here because that cup of pour-over coffee impacted your senses.

You loved it so much that you decided to find out if there was a way to make it at home (yes, there is!)
It’s about time that you learn how to make great Pour-over coffee like a Coffee Connoisseur.

Wondering, not knowing What exactly is Pour Over Coffee? How does it work? And more importantly, how can you make the perfect cup of pour-over coffee yourself?

This article is all you need to master for pour-over brewing.

So read on! You will learn What exactly is Pour Over Coffee? How to make perfect pour-over coffee at home? And Some Tips To Help You NAIL The Perfect Brew.

So let’s begin to brew:

What is Pour Over Coffee?

What is Pour Over Coffee?

Pour-over coffee, also known as direct brewing or hand drip, is one of the most popular coffee brewing methods.

It is a manual filter technique that uses hot water to steep the coffee grounds.

Pour-over coffee revolves around the hands-on and intimate process of slowly and carefully extracting the flavour profile of magnificent coffee beans.

All that’s needed is a simple pour-over brewer and ground coffee beans.

This technique was commonly used in Europe since Bentz invented it in the early 1900s and was rediscovered by many worldwide.

Pour-over coffee is brewed right in front of you as you watch. This approach to brewing isn’t just for show—it has a purpose.

The poured water gradually makes contact with the ground coffee and extracts flavour without extracting bitterness or sludge. As a result, pour-over coffee has a great flavour to give you a cup of joy.

The 3 Basic Elements Of Great Pour Over Filter Coffee:

  • Freshly ground coffee
  • A coffee filter
  • A pour-over brewer
In a simple form: water is drizzled over a bed of coffee grounds at a slow speed, the coffee maker brews a delicious cup of joe, which falls into your mug or carafe.

Brewing your coffee may sound easy, but the process needs lots of patience and good practice.

Don't worry; we will help you with this. You're about to learn the "secrets" of Brewing a Perfect cafe type coffee.

You need to have all the types of equipment if you want to make the perfect Pour Over coffee. Do not compromise on that.

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • Pour Over Brewer
  • Coffee Filter
  • Brew Paper
  • Coffee Beans
  • Good burr coffee grinder
  • Good quality water
  • A Coffee scale that measures in grams
  • A ‘Gooseneck kettle

How to make Pour Over Coffee?

Now that you have all your equipment, it’s time to learn How To Make Pour Over Coffee at home.

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So here are the steps:

1. Heat water to 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit

Heat water to 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit

The first step is to heat water to 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature point is essential to achieve good results when brewing coffee.

When the water reaches this temperature, it’s ready to be used for Pour Over Coffee.

2. Weigh your coffee

You must use the right amount of coffee beans when brewing pour-over coffee. A balanced ratio between coffee and water is essential for this.

As popularly recommended, in 18 grams of water, you can put a gram of coffee. You can try different ratios to add more flavour to your coffee.

There's a simple formula more coffee= more flavour.

3. Wet your filter and set it aside

Now that the water is ready, it’s time to prepare your filter. Since Pour Over coffee is a manual method of brewing, it’s essential it slowly.

It is why it's important to wet your filter. By soaking your filter, you allow the brewing to go smoothly and enable the brewer to have enough time for good extraction.

4. Grind for your brewer

Grind Coffee Beans With Magic Bullet

The next step is to grind your coffee on a medium to coarse setting for filter coffee. Grind according to the manufacturer’s instructions for whichever machine you are using and set it aside.

(You’ll know this by reading the directions that come with your coffee brewer). Grinding the coffee just before brewing gives control over brewing like a finer grind gives bitterness.

5. Begin to pour

Pour Over Coffee Guide

Now it’s time to pour. Use a gooseneck kettle so that you can pour slowly. First, pour a little and let the coffee grounds soak the water. Then start to run the rest of the water in a circular motion.

A common mistake that beginners make is that they pour more water than needed, making the process much longer than it needs to be. 

Also, if it takes more time, there will be less flavour from the coffee beans.

6. Stir.

Once you finish pouring, stir the coffee grounds and water at the pot’s side. It ensures that the flavours-rich brew is transferring into your coffee for an extra full-bodied cup of coffee.

7. If you want to add sugar, now is the time!

7. If you want to add sugar, now is the time!
If you would like to add sugar to your pour-over coffee, make sure that it's at room temperature before adding it in.

8. Do a final pour to create a dense bed of grounds just below the top of your carafe or mug.

Do a final pour to create a dense bed of grounds just below the top of your carafe or mug.
If you want to keep your coffee hot, make sure that you don't let this coffee go over 180 degrees Fahrenheit.

If it starts to go above that temperature, it’s time to toss the rest of the coffee and start over again with fresh water and beans.

Pour Over Coffee Ratio

How much coffee should you use when brewing pour-over coffee?

A “golden ratio” of coffee to water is 55 grams per litre. That’s just under two ounces of beans per quart, or 9-11 grams for every 6-ounce cup. A couple of taps on the calculator reveals that this works out to a ratio of 18:1.

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Some baristas brew coffee at 16:1 or 19:1, depending on their customer’s taste preferences. Also, their brewing techniques are different from yours, and their grinders are different from yours.

The difference in ratios among the world's top-ranked baristas is only about 1 gram of coffee per fluid ounce of water. So don't worry too much about being too precise.

After all, it’s all about personal preference. Some people like their coffee to be strong coffee, while others prefer it less intense.

Tips To Help You NAIL The Perfect Brew:

Perfect Coffee Brew
  1. Remember that your grinder is your secret ingredient- Its process creates the aromatic and delicious coffee you are craving. When you grind the beans, use a burr grinder. It gives you a super-fine grain and produces a shot with as little oil as possible, which helps you avoid bitter flavours in your brew. Ground too far up the scale, and you get an oily shot with excessive bitterness.

  2. Use the right amount of coffee- Too little, and your coffee will taste weak and lifeless. Too much, and it’ll taste bitter and pungent. What you want is a cup that’s well-rounded, completely rounded, rich but still smooth, and without any flavour being overpowered. That’s called the sweet spot, which means that your coffee is perfectly extracted from the beans.

  3. Don’t skip the bloom- For the best-tasting coffee, you should leave your grounds in the open air for about 30 seconds to a minute before brewing. It is called “blooming.” You’ll know it’s done when you notice that there are bubbles all over the top of the grounds. It helps to create those rich, full flavours and aromas in your cup of coffee.

  4. Keep an eye on your water temperature- When you are brewing at home, you should heat it between 195°F – 205°F (~90°C – 96°C). If it is hotter, you’ll risk burning the coffee grounds, and if it is cool, your coffee will be under-extracted.

  5. Pour water on the grounds, not on other grinds in your filter- Even if you’re pouring slowly, there’s still a good chance that you could end up pouring too fast and overflooding the filter. When there’s too much water in the grinds, they get soggy and do not adequately extract their flavours.

  6. Don’t ignore the cleaning part- Cleaning is the most important part after you finish brewing. After all, you don’t want coffee remnants in your brewer. It is especially true if you are using a glass carafe because the smell can be pretty bad. Also, you don’t want it to taint the flavour of your next cup.

FAQs

1. Can the water temperature go below 195 degrees Fahrenheit?

While 195 degrees Fahrenheit is considered the optimal temperature for coffee, it is possible to make great coffee at lower temperatures.

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However, keep in mind that it will take longer for your coffee to brew at lower temperatures. Expect to wait 15-20 minutes for a small batch.

The longer brewing time can drastically affect the taste of your coffee if you are not a very patient person. If patience isn’t your strong suit, stick with 195 degrees Fahrenheit.

2. What Is The Best Coffee To Use For Pour Over?

The best coffee for pour-over coffee is one that is medium to dark in the roast. This way, you can make the most out of the flavours and aromas in your beans.

Don’t forget that pour-over coffee results in a thin and delicate taste. It needs to be a darker roast for you to enjoy those flavours.

3. What Is The Difference Between Pour Over And Drip Coffee?

The main differences between pour-over and drip coffee are the brewing equipment and the grind.

Drip brewers are a more affordable option but can leave a very bitter taste in your cup if you don’t use the proper water temperature.

However, by using quality coffee beans and water, you can achieve excellent results with both brewing methods.

4. What Is A Pour-Over Glass?

A pour-over glass is essentially an inverted cone made from borosilicate glass with a fine mesh paper filter inside it.

If you are looking to purchase a pour-over glass, make sure it has an even wall thickness and is made using borosilicate glass.

It helps to prevent any thermal shock or breakage from ever happening with your glass.

5. What Is A Coffee Sock? Is It Better Than A Paper Filter?

A coffee sock is one of the easiest ways to make coffee using a pour-over brewing device. The coffee sock is a fine mesh bag that is made from nylon.

It allows you to make pour-over coffee without any grounds getting in your cup. However, a good coffee sock can be pretty expensive, and they only last about 50 brews before there is a requirement for replacement.

Paper filters are very inexpensive and reusable, so you can make your pour-over coffee much cheaper than if you were using a coffee sock.

Final Thoughts

There is nothing like a fresh, hot cup of coffee on a cold morning!

Pour Over coffee is a fantastic way to get the most out of your coffee beans and enjoy a perfect cup of coffee while relaxing.

The precision and control involved when preparing a pour-over coffee make it the ideal tool for professionals like home baristas.

With the proper measures and detailed steps, you can make pour-over coffee that is just as tasty as the rest.

However, do not underestimate the skill level required or the amount of time needed to get it right.

If you follow the instructions correctly, you can get a good brew on your first try. But even if you don’t, just keep practising until you get to where you want to be.

It won’t take long before you are an expert in pour-over coffee.

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